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Gaya Tumuli Gimhae Daeseong-dong Tumuli

Gimhae Daeseong-dong Tumuli

  • Gimhae Daeseong-dong Tumuli

    (Historical Site No. 341)

    Tumuli of the kings and the ruling class of Geumgwan Gaya, on the hill nera Bonghwangtoseong Fortess.

    Hub of maritime trade among Korea, China and Japan around the ancient Gimhaeman Bay.

     Around 418-2, Daeseong-dong, Gimhae-si, Gyeongsangnam-do

  • A summary of the Heritage
    • Time 1-5 AD
    • Area56,762㎡
    • Number of Tombs219 Tombs
    • Representative ArtifactPinwheel-shaped Bronze Artifact, Glit Bronze Belt ornament
    • Representative TombNo.1&2(Wooded Outer Coffin Tomb)/
      First Tomb of the King in Geumgwan Gaya
  • overview
  • Just as Gimhae was recorded in the ‘Samgukji (History of Three Kingdoms)’, the area corresponds to the gateway of the Northeast Asia sea route that passes the east and southern sea from the Nakrang and Daebang-gun to Japan. The major engines of growth of Geumgwangaya was international trade through sea and inland waterway. It is an evidence that the large amount of artifacts imported from China, and Japan are found in Gimhae Daseong-dong Tumuli.

    Researches on Daeseong-dong Tumuli were conducted 9 times and 219 tombs were surveyed. Among them, 69 wooden outer-coffin tombs are estimated to be the tombs of the ruling class. In the 2nd century, wooden outer-coffin tombs were densely made near the hill. In the late 2nd century, wooden coffin tombs started to be constructed from the lower part of the northern side of the hill. From the early 3rd century, the tombs of elite class started to be constructed focusing on the ridge part of the hill. Daeseong-dong Tomb No. 29, which was constructed in the late 3rd century, has an accessory compartment for sacrificial burial. The floor of accessory compartment where the interred individual was laid over 100 iron ingots that are arranged in rows. The human sacrificial burial and large amount of artifacts imported from China, and Japan represents an emergence of exclusive royal(king) burial.

    Along with the tombs of kings in the late 3rd century, the burial position was started to differentiated according to people’s societal class in Daeseong-dong Tumuli. In the 4th century, the tombs of kings started to be constructed along the ridge of the hill gradually and the small and medium tombs started to be composed on slopes. The best period of the Daeseong-dong Tumuli is during the 3rd ~ 4th century, where it is much bigger in mound size and amount of burial goods than other Gaya tumuli. During the early 5th century, the construction of the tombs of kings continued along with the tomb no. 1, but the power of Geumgwangaya becomes weak rapidly compared to the past. On the other hand, Daegaya and Aragaya powers started to grow. Daeseong-dong Tumuli stopped constructing tomb of royals in the late 5th century. The tomb no.73 is the lastly constructed horizontal entrance stone chamber tomb. Gimhae Daeseong-dong Tumuli is a core tumuli of former half of Gaya period. As stated above, Gimhae Daeseong-dong Tumuli has an important value that helps to understand the formation and growth of Gaya and the structure of Gaya society.

Picture

Picture1. View of Gimhae Daeseong-dong Tumuli

  • Picture2. Picture of Gimhae Daeseong-dong Tumuli

  • Picture3. View of Gimhae Daeseong-dong Tumuli

Relics

  • Tomb no. 13 Pinwheel-shaped Bronze Tool

  • Tomb no. 29 Bronze Pot

  • Tomb no. 70 Stove-shaped saucer

  • Tomb no. 88 Gilt Bronze Belt Trimmings